From the MDGs to the 2030 Agenda
With the eight Millennium Development Goals (MDGs), the global community set out in 2000 to halve poverty and hunger by 2015, provide primary education for all children, promote gender equality, reduce child mortality, improve maternal health, combat HIV/AIDS and other diseases, help protect the environment and build a Global Partnership for Development.
With the SDGs, the MDGs have been expanded and placed in a broader context.
The new 2030 Agenda is a "sustainability declaration" by the heads of state and government and includes a catalogue of universal sustainability goals, the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). These global goals apply not only to the so-called developing and emerging countries, but also to the industrialised nations, and thus place an obligation on all countries to contribute to their implementation.The 2030 Agenda combines all three dimensions of sustainable development (economic, ecological and social development), which must be taken into account equally in its implementation. This indivisibility of the Agenda and the consideration of the interactions between economic, ecological and social goals are intended to contribute to the solution of urgent global problems such as climate change, overexploitation of natural resources, poverty and inequality.At the same time, the Agenda is based on a human rights-based approach and is underpinned by the claim to "Leave no one behind" and to actually reach all people, including particularly disadvantaged people. This includes people with impairments/disabilities in a special way. This means that in the implementation of all 17 goals, people with impairments/disabilities are to be taken into account, either as beneficiaries or active participants. In addition, people with impairments/disabilities are mentioned explicitly or as "persons in vulnerable situations" in seven goals. The inclusiveness of the 2030 Agenda is a milestone for people with impairments/disabilities compared to previous international development initiatives, such as the Millennium Development Goals, as they were not mentioned in these and therefore not taken into account in many development processes.