Monitoring of the UN Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities
The UN CRPD is the "Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities" (UN CRPD for short), which was adopted by the United Nations General Assembly on 13 December 2006. Article 34 of the UN CRPD stipulates the establishment of a Committee on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities. The Committee on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (OHCHR), which was then established, monitors the implementation of the Convention in the States Parties. It consists of 18 independent experts (with disabilities) who meet twice a year. Here, the Committee discusses the implementation of the Convention in selected States Parties. In addition, the Committee examines individual complaints and issues general opinions or recommendations on the implementation of the UNCRPD.
With the ratification of the UNCRPD, the States Parties are obliged to submit a comprehensive report on the measures taken to implement the Convention to the Committee at regular intervals. In addition to these state reports, civil society organisations, self-advocacy organisations of persons with disabilities and the independent monitoring body also submit parallel reports, which the Committee also takes into account.
In 2015 and 2018, the Committee examined the implementation of the UNCRPD in Germany. For this purpose, a List of Issues is handed over to the Federal Government. This is followed by a constructive dialogue between the Committee and the State, during which comments on the State Report are obtained. The "Concluding Observations" reveal problems in implementation, formulate points of criticism and recommendations. The federal, state and local governments are then instructed to implement the requested changes for their respective areas of responsibility. Finally, the state must again, taking into account the recommendations, reflect the status of the realisation of the rights of persons with disabilities.
In addition to the Committee, the signatory states are obliged under Article 33(2) of the UNCRPD to establish an independent monitoring body. In Germany, the Institute for Human Rights was appointed for this purpose. The monitoring body examines whether Germany is promoting compliance with the rights of persons with disabilities and monitors the implementation of the UNCRPD in Germany. An important task of the monitoring body is the publication of the independent parallel report during the state review process.
The UN Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities is to be implemented by all state agencies.
State reporting procedure
Through the State reporting procedure, the Committee on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities receives information from States Parties on how the implementation of the UN CRPD is progressing.
Guidelines on the state reporting procedure
State Report Procedure Germany
Germany has already had to go through the State Reporting Procedure review twice.
In addition to the State party reports, parallel reports are also submitted by the independent monitoring body, self-organisations and associations.
The Institute for Human Rights has been appointed as the independent monitoring body for the UN CRPD in Germany.